What is Liposuction?
Liposuction is a surgery in which fat depositions in certain areas are removed from the body by suction techniques with a special vacuum or some special needles. It is definitely not a surgery for losing weight, but a surgery which reshapes the contours of the body. While fat deposits with high volumes that are resistant to diet and exercise are eliminated, the number of existing fat cells is also reduced.
How is it done?
A combination of local anesthesia and sedation (by vascular access) is preferred. In small limited areas, only local anesthesia can be applied. The surgery lasts for 1-5 hours depending on the condition of the regions where vacuum will be applied. The access holes of cannulas are usually not sutured, or 1-2 stitches are put. In some cases, special thin tubes (drains) are inserted into the area by using the holes of the cannula. These drains are used for emptying the serum accumulated. It is possible to leave the hospital within the same day or 24 hours after the surgery depending on the extent of the surgery. In general, no complication is observed in the postoperative period. Pain is dull and can be alleviated with medicines. At the end of the surgery, a special bandage is applied to the areas where the vacuum was applied, and the patient wears a special corset. In the postoperative period, a dressing is applied. The patient continues to wear the corset for 5-6 weeks. A purplish color may be seen in the areas where the vacuum was applied. There may be feelings of swelling, numbness and burn, but these will disappear within 3 weeks. Surgical scars become hardly visible within 2-6 months.
Which are the suitable areas for liposuction?
It is possible to remove fat deposits from many parts of the body such as the submaxilla, cheeks, neck, upper-inner side of the arm, breasts, chest, abdomen, waist-hip, thigh, inner part of the knee and calf of the legs with a vacuum. In addition, liposuction is also used as a complementary procedure in other surgeries performed to reshape the contours of the body (abdominoplasty, breast reduction etc.).
Does liposuction cause visible scars?
The entry holes of cannulas (metal tubes used in the liposuction procedure) are generally 2-4 mm. The scars left from them are hardly visible and negligible.
How much fat can be removed in a single procedure? Can liposuction be repeated?
At most, 4-5 liters of fat can be removed without damaging the patient’s balance and body functions. However, there are surgeons who remove more amounts providing fluid and blood. Therefore, the decision to be made is up to the surgeon.